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This category includes either sculptures in the round or fragments (arms, feet) of uncertain interpretation, which may have belonged to Wall statues (see the relevant category).

In the Early Period, small sculptures were modelled (or moulded) with highly purified clay mixed with very finely triturated straw. Large-sized sculptures were modelled around an armature made of a sheaf of stray or reeds held by a strand of ropes; the figures were then shaped with a thick layer of coarse clay and completed with a coat of purified clay. Similar techniques were also used during the Late Period, although adapted to new challenges such as the gigantic size of the main cultic images: the core was made of common clay mixed with straw, and wooden sticks were used to fix the images to the walls (Wall statues) or heads and limbs to the trunks; the finishing layer was of a distinctive red colour.

The sculptures were all vivified by a bright polychromy and, particularly in the Early Period 2 and in the Late Period, they were often gilded.




Archives of the Italian Archaeological Mission in Afghanistan

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